POLAR NEWSREEL In episode 141 we promised you an update on the 40th annual meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). Unfortunately, for the 5th year in a row there was no progress on the proposed Marine Protected Areas. // A new study documents the formation in 2020 of a 3,000-square-kilometer rift in the oldest and thickest Arctic ice north of Ellesmere Island. This is another sign of the rapid changes taking place in the Arctic, according to researchers. // A very instructive and entertaining short video on Antarctic krill has been published by the WWF: enjoy the view!
CLIMATE COP26 IN GLASGOW The "greenhouse effect" was described in 1824 by the French physicist Joseph Fourier and in 1896 the Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius calculated a doubling of CO2 due to industrial-age coal burning will raise the global temperature by several degrees Celsius. In spite of these early discoveries it took until 1988 for the members of the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme to establish the UN Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC) to tackle anthropogenic climate change. In the course of its history the UNFCCC has held many Conferences of the Parties or COP's, the most famous of which are the Kyoto Protocol of 2005 and the Paris Agreement of 2015. This year the 26th COP was held in Glasgow (UK) and has resulted in a declaration that disappointed the advocates of the phasing out of coal. However, COP26 made history by directly mentioning fossil fuels, a first time in a UN climate agreement.
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